Year Three



By the beginning of Year 3 we expect most children to be reading age-appropriate books with an accuracy and speed which allows them to focus on reading for understanding and pleasure. As their decoding skills become increasingly secure, teachers help children to develop a rich vocabulary by exposing them to a breadth and depth of literature, including stories, poetry, plays and non-fiction. They will be able to choose from a range of books from the school library and the local library in Sheen Lane.

All children learn differently so we continue to teach a range of strategies to assist with their reading. We will ensure that children know how to spell common words and can use their knowledge of phonics, root words, prefixes and suffixes to approach unfamiliar words.

Weekly Guided Reading sessions allow the children to explore fiction and non-fiction texts under the guidance of the class teacher. Discussions take place around the setting of the book, the context, the use of figurative language and inference behind the words. With support, children learn to justify their views about what they have read, helping them to become clear thinkers and confident speakers.


At Thomson House we place a high value on teaching and sustaining good handwriting. We believe that children’s self-esteem and pride in their work can be raised by good quality presentation. Children will have regular handwriting sessions using a handwriting scheme to develop their cursive handwriting style.  Children will be taught to express their ideas in writing, using good sentence punctuation, spelling and grammar. We want them to develop as effective writers and will teach them to use an increasing range of writing techniques and narrative structures, building on their vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. Children will write for a variety of purposes and their writing will be published and displayed whenever possible to reach a wide audience. 

Speaking and Listening

We want children at Thomson House to be clear and confident speakers.  To achieve this we provide a literacy rich environment with opportunities to use language in a variety of situations and for a variety of purposes and audiences. These may include drama productions, formal presentations to the class, debates, assemblies, poetry or public speaking festivals and competitions. Show and Tell allows the children to talk about something important to them; Weekly News encourages them to share with others what they have been doing; Current Affairs hones the skills of discussion and debate and engages children with their wider world.



At Thomson House we aim for all pupils to become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, with the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately, to reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry using mathematical language and to solve problems by applying their mathematical knowledge to a range of problems in different contexts.

In Year 3 our primary focus is to ensure that children become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should enable them to perform calculations accurately with increasingly large numbers. We will teach children to develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including simple fractions and decimal place value. They will be taught to use measuring instruments accurately and to analyse shapes and their properties.

Children learn at different rates. By the end of Year 4 we expect most children to have memorised their multiplication tables up to 12 and to be able to use them accurately. They will be taught to read, spell and use correct mathematical vocabulary.

Maths can be divided into four different strands of learning – number; measurement; geometry and statistics (data handling). Maths at Thomson House will be taught by explicit teaching of skills, investigative work, rote learning and questioning assumptions through a creative and challenging curriculum which uses examples from everyday life.

In number pupils will be taught:

  • Number and place value (incl. hundreds, tens and ones; order to 1000, solving problems)
  • Addition and subtraction (incl. up to 3 digits, inverse operations, solving problems)
  • Multiplication and division (including 3, 4 and 8 tables ,multiplication and division facts, solving problems, written and mental calculations)
  • Fractions (including count up and down in tenths, unit and non-unit fractions, adding/ subtracting with same denominators, equivalent fractions, solving problems)

In measurement pupils will be taught to:

  • Measure, compare, add, subtract lengths (m/c,/mm), mass (kg/g), volume/capacity  (l/ml)
  • Perimeter of 2D shapes, money in £ and pence
  • Time from an analogue clock, Roman numerals to XII, 12 and 24 hour clocks, estimate time and know seconds per minute, minutes/day, days/month, months/year, leap years

In geometry pupils will be taught to:

  • Draw 2D and make 3D shapes, recognise 3D shapes from different angles
  • Recognise angles as a property of shape or description of a turn; identify right angles
  • Identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines

In statistics pupils will be taught to:

  • Interpret and present data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
  • Solve one-step and two-step questions using information in charts, pictograms and tables

At Thomson House we ask children to explain how they arrived at the answer, to describe different strategies and methods, to be able to reason and justify their ideas. We understand that this ability is of equal importance to getting the answer right in maths. We encourage children to show curiosity in their learning and to show courage in participation.  We recognise that children can sometimes learn more from getting the answer wrong!  Children should not be afraid to fail as this is a vital part of the learning process; what we are looking to imbue is resilience. 



By building up a body of key knowledge and concepts, children at Thomson House will learn to recognise the power of rational explanation and be encouraged to develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They will learn how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave and analyse causes. Wherever possible, their learning will be first hand and will make use of opportunities beyond the classroom.

Our science teaching aims to ensure that all children

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop an understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge to understand the uses and implications of science in society.

In Year 3 during Lower Key Stage 2, our main focus is that pupils broaden their scientific view of their world by exploring, talking about, testing and developing their ideas. They will be taught to ‘work scientifically’ through a programme of study which includes the following:


Through first-hand experience, children will learn about the structure of plants and how this relates to function, life cycles and the requirements for plant growth. We are fortunate to have an allotment and gardening to support the curriculum.

Animals, including humans

Through observation and investigation, children will learn about the importance of nutrition. They will be taught the main body parts, including the skeleton and muscles and their role in protection, support and movement.


Using links with geography and outdoor learning, children will explore different kinds of rocks and soils. They will learn how fossils are formed and that soil is made from rocks and organic matter.


Children will learn about the need for light in order to see things. They will learn about reflections and shadows and that direct sunlight can be dangerous.

Forces and magnets

By investigating magnets, children will learn about magnetic poles, as well as comparing and grouping everyday materials on the basis of whether or not they are magnetic.



At Thomson House we believe that healthy bodies link closely to healthy minds. We stipulate that all children from Year 1 onwards will have 3 hours of weekly curriculum time devoted to PE.

We aim for children to develop fundamental movement skills, to become increasingly competent and confident and to have access to a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They will be engaging in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.

Children will be taught to:

  • master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility, strength and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities – the children will have a weekly gymnastics lesson and the opportunity to join a multi-sports lunchtime club.
  • participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending – such as football.
  • perform dances using simple movement patterns to music.
  • master basic swimming strokes – front crawl, back stroke and breast stroke.



At Thomson House we encourage enquiring minds – we link history and geography to Philosophy For Children, exploring ideas, questioning assumptions, justifying explanations and reasoning with each other. Our creative curriculum will allow the children to learn history and geography in relevant and exciting topic based ways. 

Geographically, in Key Stage 2 we aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop contextual knowledge of globally significant places. They will be taught locational knowledge and place knowledge.
  • Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and may change over time.
  • Are competent in the geographical skills needed to engage with fieldwork and to interpret maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and digital technologies.

Historically, in Key Stage 2 we aim to give pupils a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world, helping them to understand the complexities of people’s lives, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups. We will:

  • develop a chronologic knowledge of British, local and world history
  • combine overview and depth studies to help pupils understand both the long arc of development and specific aspects of different periods
  • study aspects or themes, such as an aspect of social history or significant turning points in British history
  • learn about the achievements of the earliest civilisations, such as ancient Egypt, ancient China and ancient Greece
  • study a non-European society, such as early Islamic or Mayan civilization



At Thomson House we are devoted to our musical learning journey.

Each class will have two music lessons a week and a singing assembly. Every child has the opportunity to attend choir – one of our lunchtime clubs.

In lessons the children will be taught to:

  • use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and speaking chants and rhymes
  • play tuned and untuned instruments musically
  • listen with concentration and understanding to a range of high-quality live and recorded music
  • experiment with, create, select and combine sounds using the inter-related dimensions of music

We believe that every child should learn to play a musical instrument so, following on from percussion in EYFS and recorder in Key Stage 1, we would encourage older children to have individual instrumental lessons at a small charge. Currently piano and cello are on offer but the list will be expanded as the school grows. Lessons take place during curriculum time although the timetable is rotated to ensure that no child misses the same lesson each week.



At Thomson House we provide a high-quality art and design curriculum to engage, inspire and challenge children, equipping them with knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own work.  As they progress, we encourage them to think critically and develop a more rigorous understanding of art and design. Pupils will be taught:

  • to create sketchbooks to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas
  • to use drawing, painting and sculpture proficiently, using a range of materials, to develop and share their ideas, experiences and imagination. 
  • to develop a wide range of art and design techniques in using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space
  • to know about the work of a range of artists, architects and designers in history, describing the differences and similarities between different practices, cultures and disciplines, and making links to their own work.

We will have themed weeks throughout the year which will incorporate art and design through a range of different mediums. As well as visiting galleries, we often have visiting artists and workshops to motivate and enthuse our budding artists.  Children’s art and design work is displayed throughout the school.



Design and Technology is an inspiring, rigorous and practical subject.  Through a variety of creative and practical activities, we will teach the children at Thomson House the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in the process of designing and making products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts. They will learn to:

  • Design using research and design criteria to design innovative, functional and appealing products that are fit for purpose and they will communicate their ideas in a range of ways
  • Make things by selecting from a range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks, choosing materials and components for their functional and aesthetic qualities
  • Evaluate their ideas and products against existing products and their own design criteria, considering the views of others to improve their work
  • acquire Technical knowledge on strengthening complex structures, mechanical and electrical systems, applying their knowledge of computing to programme, monitor and control their products.
  • Cook and apply the principles of nutrition and healthy eating, understanding seasonality, provenance and how to cook a range of dishes using different techniques.



At Thomson House we believe that RE should be taught through Philosophy For Children, SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural learning) and through our Well-being programme of assemblies, circle times and specific lessons. The children will be taught to respect the beliefs of others and to respect different cultures.

The children will attend assemblies which will cover emotional well-being; school values; morals, social skills and other cultures. Within the classrooms, teachers will implicitly teach skills through Philosophy for Children such as questioning, reasoning, explanation, justifying and debate.

Each class will debate and discuss issues which arise as the year progresses, such as, friendship, settling in, sharing, self-esteem and bullying.

Learning about different religions and beliefs, through Philosophy for Children, allows the children to explore ideas, challenge assumptions and debate ideas.  Exploring the concepts of religion and belief helps children to develop moral awareness and social understanding.



The focus of our teaching of modern foreign languages will be on practical communication: listening attentively, joining in simple conversations confidently and developing accurate pronunciation and intonation with familiar words and phrases so that others can understand. Reading and writing is also introduced at the appropriate time. All children from Reception onwards have access to lunchtime language clubs – these clubs will be arranged subject to enough sustained demand. Languages become part of the formal curriculum from Year 1, when Italian will be taught, by Year 3 either French or Spanish will be taught. In Year 4 there will be the opportunity to learn Mandarin Chinese.